Section 23.  The legislature shall have the power to reserve marriage to opposite-sex couples. [Add HB 117 (1997) and election Nov 3, 1998]

Law Journals and Reviews

The Hawai`i Marriage Amendment:  Its Origins, Meaning and Fate.  22 UH L. Rev. 19.

  The Future of Same-Sex Marriage.  22 UH L. Rev. 119.

  The Fine Line Between Love and the Law:  Hawai`i's Attempt to Resolve the Same-Sex Marriage Issue.  22 UH L. Rev. 149.

  The Defense of Marriage Act:  Sex and the Citizen.  24 UH L. Rev. 279.