Section 4.  English and Hawaiian shall be the official languages of Hawaii, except that Hawaiian shall be required for public acts and transactions only as provided by law. [Add Const Con 1978 and election Nov 7, 1978]

Cross References

  Statutory provisions, see §§1-13 and 13.5.

Law Journals and Reviews

  Judicial Enforcement of "Official" Indigenous Languages:  A Comparative Analysis of the Maori and Hawaiian Struggles for Cultural Language Rights.  26 UH L. Rev. 495.

Case Notes

  Court rejected plaintiff's contention that the Hawaii constitution prohibited the court from mandating that plaintiff give deposition testimony in English.  843 F. Supp. 630.